Asset formula

Is the equipment an asset for the company?

  • The equipment needed to run your business can be considered both a liability and an asset to your growing business.
  • Accounting staff should list your company’s equipment on a balance sheet as a non-current asset, which appreciates in value after the end of a fiscal year.
  • The three main categories of non-current assets are property, plant and equipment, intangible assets and natural resources.
  • This article is for business owners who buy or sell equipment and want to classify it accurately for accounting purposes.

As your business focuses on selling your products or services to make money, you can take hardware that streamlines this process for granted. But equipment is more than just a light fixture inside the walls of your business. Whether you’re launching a startup or expanding your business, equipment is a long-term asset that can provide value now and in the future.

How is equipment classified in accounting? For example, is equipment an asset or a liability? We’ll help you discern the difference and answer general questions along the way.

Is the equipment considered an asset or a liability?

Equipment can be considered both a liability and an asset. For example, if you have a loan on your equipment, that’s a liability.

As an asset, equipment can help you increase your sales. However, equipment is not a current asset, but a non-current asset. [Related: Complete Equipment Leasing Guide for Businesses]

What type of asset is equipment?

Equipment is considered a non-current asset – or a fixed asset. A non-current asset is a long-term investment that your business makes that is not likely to become cash during an accounting period or which does not easily convert to cash.

Fixed assets generally apply to property, plant and equipment (PP&E). Although non-current assets can reduce cash flow, they can signal to investors that you are serious about growing your business and increasing customer confidence in your brand as you grow your business. line.

What type of equipment is an asset?

Equipment critical to your industry or business may be considered an asset. Here are examples of typical equipment assets:

  • copiers
  • Franking machines
  • Computers
  • Telephones
  • Fax machines
  • Production line machinery
  • Combine harvesters and agricultural tractors
  • Wood cutting machines
  • wrecking balls
  • Pneumatic drills
  • cranes
  • robots
  • Medical scanning equipment

How to maximize the value of your equipment

Since your equipment is a long-term asset that ensures sustainability, it is essential to manage it well. Use the equipment only for the tasks for which it was designed. The more you view equipment as an asset and less as a tool, the easier it will be to spend time and money on the maintenance and upgrades it requires.

Regular audits and inspections of your equipment can maximize its efficiency and lifespan. By accurately managing your long-term assets, you can avoid extended shutdowns that impact your profits. Plus, you can protect the value if you decide to upgrade or sell later.

Current vs non-current assets

Your business can have both current and non-current assets. How quickly you expect to use the resource will determine whether it is recorded on the balance sheet as a current or non-current asset.

Current assets

Current assets must be liquidated within the year. As a result, your business will use existing assets to pay bills and fund day-to-day expenses. Here are some current assets:

  • Inventory (finished products)
  • Accounts receivable (electricity, cell)
  • Cash (current accounts)
  • Foreign currency
  • Prepaid expenses
  • Investment securities (certificates of deposit, high yield passbooks, money market accounts)
  • Cash
  • Supplies (raw materials)

Here is the formula for calculating current assets:

Accounts receivable + Cash + Cash equivalents + Inventories + Cash + Marketable securities + Prepaid expenses = Current assets

Point: Do not confuse non-current assets with non-current liabilities. While non-current assets are held, non-current liabilities are long-term debt securities – such as long-term leases and bonds payable.

Non-current assets

A non-current asset will have no value until at least one financial year has passed. As a result, companies invest in non-current assets over several years to avoid huge losses during growing seasons. Here are some standard non-current assets:

  • Long term investments
  • Vehicles
  • EAR
  • Patents and trademarks
  • Goodwill (intangible asset)

Current and non-current assets have their own columns on an accounting worksheet. However, they are first totaled and reconciled to liabilities and equity.

How is equipment classified in a balance sheet?

The equipment will be listed on your balance sheet as a non-current asset. Therefore, it is not necessary to have a separate balance sheet just for your equipment.

Your company can acquire assets by borrowing money from financial institutions and investors, according to this formula:

Assets = Liabilities + Equity

The balance sheet is imperative for understanding the current financial situation of your business and enticing investors to accelerate business growth. Creating an accurate balance sheet on your own, however, can be overwhelming. If you cannot hire an in-house or contract accountant, you should research the best accounting software for your business. You can read more about some of our top picks in our QuickBooks Online review, FreshBooks review, Oracle NetSuite review, and Zoho Books review.

Take away keyTakeaway key: Your business balance sheet has three parts: assets (what your business owns), liabilities (what your business owes), and equity (amounts of shareholder investments).

What are the other non-current assets?

There are three main categories of non-current assets: tangible, intangible and natural resources.

Fixed assets

Property, plant and equipment are property owned by the business or physical property that is integral to the operation of the business. This asset is valued at its original cost less any depreciation. However, tangible assets – such as land – may not be depreciated as they tend to appreciate.

Intangible assets

Intangible assets are not in physical form, but offer significant value to the business. These assets are categorized as definite (like brands) or undefined (like brand recognition).

Did you know?Did you know? Intangible assets are necessary for your business to be competitive in the modern economy. Although physical capital is always necessary, today’s businesses thrive on sharing information and ideas and deepening relationships.

Natural resources

Natural resources are also called “wasted assets” due to their loss during consumption. These earth resources include fossil fuels, minerals, petroleum and timber.

Here is the formula for the natural resource balance:

Acquisition Cost + Exploration + Development Costs – Cumulative Depletion = Natural Resource Assets

Whether your business uses the aforementioned current or non-current assets, make sure your accounting staff records them correctly on the balance sheet.


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